Dr. Taylor obtained his medical degree from the University of Toronto and completed postgraduate surgical training at the University of Toronto, followed by basic research training at Guys Hospital in London, England. He returned to the Toronto Western Hospital where he developed a practice in general surgery and endoscopy. At that time he was Coordinator of Undergraduate Education for the Toronto Western Hospital. Shortly thereafter, he moved to the Toronto General Hospital where he developed an interest in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery. He and his colleagues spawned a program of hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery and transplantation with clinical, educational, and clinical research objectives. He was Coordinator of the Straight Surgical Internship Program at the University of Toronto, and from 1983 to 1989 was Director of Postgraduate Education for the university Department of Surgery. In 1989 he was appointed Chair of General Surgery for the University of Toronto, and was also Program Director for that Division from 1989 to 1995. He was promoted to Full Professor in 1991. He became Head of the Division of General Surgery at the Toronto Hospital (subsequently University Health Network) from 1990 to 1996, and was appointed Associate Chair of the Department of Surgery in 1996.
Dr. Taylor has had a long interest in undergraduate, postgraduate and continuing medical education. In addition to local University of Toronto responsibilities he was Chair of the Education Committee of the Canadian Association of General Surgeons, and helped to institute the first surgical intern match in Canada, later to evolve to the CARMS match. He was President of the Canadian Association of General Surgeons in 1996. He has won a number of teaching awards including the Anderson Award of the Toronto Hospital, the Tovee Postgraduate Award for the University of Toronto Department of Surgery, and the Colin Woolf Award for Continuing Medical Education at University of Toronto.
His clinical interests have continued in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery, transplantation, and endoscopy. He was one of the members of the team that initiated the University of Toronto Liver Transplantation Program, and remains active in the training of residents and fellows at all levels in General Surgery. He has published over 100 papers in peer-reviewed journals on the subjects of hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery and education.
Since 1999, in addition to the position of Associate Chair of the Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, he was appointed the James Wallace McCutcheon Chair, Surgeon-in-Chief and Director of Surgical Services of the University Health Network, comprising the Toronto General Hospital, Toronto Western Hospital, and Princess Margaret Hospital. From April-October 2001, he has also served as Vice-President UHN and Chief Operating Officer of Toronto General Hospital. The majority of his time is spent in administering the largest and most academically productive Department of Surgery in Canada. In 2008 and 2009 in addition to his usual commitments, he has devoted significant time and effort to the safe surgery checklist and its adoption throughout Canada.